2022. December 6., Tuesday
News  --  Archive  --  2019


A Project Led by SZTE Could be the Solution to the Management of Nuclear Waste

Hungarian-French-American inter-institutional co-operation starts with the leadership of the SZTE, on the basis of an international consortium. It is established to develop a procedure for easier handling of nuclear waste. László Palkovics, Minister of Innovation and Technology announced that the Hungarian government is supporting the project as a national research program with HUF 3.6 billion.

As Prof. Dr. László Rovó, Rector of the University of Szeged, stated the project coordinated by the University of Szeged has a historical significance in science. ‘The cooperation worldwide is of paramount importance, as the management of nuclear waste is crucial for the future of mankind’ – and he added that, as the best university in Hungary, the leadership of SZTE is constantly striving to be at the forefront of the world in both education and science and innovation, and to provide its researchers with a good background for top-quality scientific work. Not only does the science, technology and industry park built around the ELI laser research centre, or the Hungarian Centre of Excellence for Molecular Medicine provide an excellent foundation for these, but also the current collaboration.


The storage of long-life components is a particular challenge in the management of nuclear waste. For materials with a half-life cycle less than 100 years the process could be considered as resolved. The problem is the safe placement of materials with a much longer half-life, and this can be achieved by means of so-called P&T (partitioning and transmutation) procedure. During partitioning, the different components of nuclear waste are separated and then the long half-life components are transformed by transmutation. The material is exposed to, for example, neutron irradiation, which results stable or rapidly degrading cores.


’Alchemia-like but functional transmutation is not a new idea; it has been known for decades that with this procedure the treatment of radioactive waste becomes significantly easier. But the functional transmutation is close to impossible, since the necessary neutron is can only be produced in nuclear reactors or with the help of accelerators. Therefore the key question is whether a significantly cheaper, easy-to-manage neutron source could be developed’ - said Prof. Dr. Gábor Szabó, professor at the University of Szeged. Gerard Mourou, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2018, developed a proposal with Toshiki Tajima that would eliminate this obstacle with a laser-accelerated neutron source. The University of Szeged will also participate in the practical implementation, which may be a breakthrough in science history.


László Palkovics, Minister of Innovation and Technology, said: ‘According to computer simulations, the laser system of the ELI-ALPS Research Center in Szeged is the best way to perform demonstration experiments. Therefore, the Hungarian government has decided to support the development of a laser neutron source for transmutation as a national research program for three years with a total of 3.6 billion forints. For the successful implantation of the project, the University of Szeged has been commissioned to establish an international consortium to coordinate the project.’

To assist the developmental process a Memorandum of Understanding was signed on the 5th of April by Ecole Politechnique from Paris, by TAE (a company based in California) and by the University of Szeged. This document serves as a framework for the successful implementation of the project and for involvement of further co-operating associates.

SZTE Experience

93292160_608489396406408_4799535565693255680_oOlney Rodrigues - Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

My name is Olney Rodrigues de Oliveira and I am from Brazil. I am currently pursuing my PhD studies in the Doctoral School of Education at SZTE. I chose the University of Szeged because it’s one of the best universities in Europe, especially in the field of education. I personally love Szeged because it is safe and I love the architecture, the cultural events, the local Market Mars Tér and so many other beautiful destinations. For my studies I wanted to have an excellent university in a good quality life city and Szeged offers me that. It’s neither too big nor too small, I can ride my bike to go to my classes and practically everything is within a walking distance. I would advise the prospective students to enjoy the city during their stay, the cultural and historical events, know other international students and make a lot of friends, visit other cities in Hungary and make good memories. I am pretty sure that you will be proud of this priceless experience. Before coming to Hungary I worked several years as a teacher. I love the academic environment, the libraries, relationship with students and the feeling to be involved in the acquisition of new knowledge. That is why I plan to be part of a University as a professor as well as to keep researching in different aspects of the process of education. I am so thankful to be here and I believe that the Universe brought me to Szeged because the city and the University are the experience that I need in my life now.

95930002_620793281842686_908476219798847488_oDianne - Faculty of Science and Informatics

I am a PhD student and a Stipendium Hungaricum scholarship holder from the Philippines. I am currently pursuing my PhD in Environmental Science and I happen to be in my 3rd year of studies. I chose University of Szeged because its one of the top ranked research university in Hungary known for its good reputation in the fields of health and natural sciences. Coming from the Philippines with a warm climate, I had huge preference of Szeged for my studies, the city having the most rays of sunshine and considered to be the warmest place in Hungary. I would advise all the prospective students to join University of Szeged’s diverse and vibrant community! Don’t be afraid to leave your comfort zone, try to find and establish your niche in a new place like what I did. I didn’t regret coming to Szeged as it continuously provides me an enabling learning environment for various reasons, has affordable cost of living, very safe and calm university town, organized transport system, beautiful and clean surroundings with the very sightly Tisza River which adds to its appeal, and also holds many festivals throughout the year. After graduation, I am planning to go back to my home institution and continue my teaching duties at the University of the Philippines Los Baños