2022. January 23., Sunday
News  --  Archive  --  2021

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The 2021 Nobel Prize in Medicine is Strongly Linked to the University of Szeged

The subject of the discovery that has been awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is deeply rooted in research at the University of Szeged.

The 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their discoveries of thermal and mechanical transducers. The University of Szeged is very proud that this subject is deeply rooted in research carried out at the institution.


szell_marta_img_9690_450x330„We are very proud that the 2021 Nobel Prize in Medicine is strongly linked to scientists from Szeged who have carried out research on the neurobiology of heat and pain sensation.” - Said Prof. Dr. Márta Széll, Vice-Rector for Strategic Planning.






jancso_miklos_j_330x330During their research at the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Szeged in the 1940s, pharmacologists Professor Miklós Jancsó and his wife Aranka Jancsó-Gábor made fundamental observations concerning the function and pharmacology of sensory nerve endings involved in transmitting heat and pain.

„Repeated topical or systemic administration of capsaicin was shown to affect the function of sensory nerve endings in a specific way: the treatment selectively and persistently inhibited chemical-induced pain and warmth sensations and neurogenic inflammatory responses. The phenomenon has become known in scientific literature as capsaicin desensitisation.” - Dr. Gábor Jancsó, Professor Emeritus, told us.



„The research concerning sensory nerve endings was continued by their son, Professor Gábor Jancsó.” - recalled Prof. Dr. Márta Széll. He and his team morphologically identified capsaicin-sensitive specific pain sensory neurons and revealed the sensory neural systems involved in the central nervous system’s processing of warm and painful chemical stimuli. Since the 1970s, their findings have been published in numerous prestigious scientific journals, including Nature.

Jancsó’s article titled Pharmacologically induced selective degeneration of chemosensitive primary sensory neurones is listed as reference in the scientific background material of the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, as published by the Nobel Committee.


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At the University of Szeged, a number of further internationally renowned scientists have carried out research in this field. In particular, Dr. János Pórszász, Dr. János Szolcsányi, Dr. György Such, Dr. Ferenc Joó, Dr. Erzsébet Király and Dr. György Such Jr. Ferenc Obál. Research in this field is currently carried out at the University of Szeged under the leadership of Dr. Mária Dux and Dr. Péter Sánta.


Article written by: Ilona Újszászi

Translated by: Rita Csúri-Magosi

SZTE Experience

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Ahmad Adha - Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

I am Ahmad Adha from Indonesia and currently a 3rd year student in Theoretical Linguistics PhD program. I chose the University of Szeged (SZTE) as my study destination because it is located in the center of the town and it is also the highest ranked university in Hungary. The university staff and the professors were very accommodating and understanding when I decided to change the program that suits my research topic. I am so glad that I can be a part of my current department, and of course SZTE, since it is also the Center of Pragmatic Research which aims to promote advanced linguistic pragmatic research with international collaborations. After graduating, I wish to continue to work in my academic field as a professor and a researcher. My advice for prospective SZTE students is to choose a university with a good academic reputation that fits their passion.

 

93292160_608489396406408_4799535565693255680_oOlney Rodrigues - Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

My name is Olney Rodrigues de Oliveira and I am from Brazil. I am currently pursuing my PhD studies in the Doctoral School of Education at SZTE. I chose the University of Szeged because it’s one of the best universities in Europe, especially in the field of education. I personally love Szeged because it is safe and I love the architecture, the cultural events, the local Market Mars Tér and so many other beautiful destinations. For my studies I wanted to have an excellent university in a good quality life city and Szeged offers me that. It’s neither too big nor too small, I can ride my bike to go to my classes and practically everything is within a walking distance. I would advise the prospective students to enjoy the city during their stay, the cultural and historical events, know other international students and make a lot of friends, visit other cities in Hungary and make good memories. I am pretty sure that you will be proud of this priceless experience. Before coming to Hungary I worked several years as a teacher. I love the academic environment, the libraries, relationship with students and the feeling to be involved in the acquisition of new knowledge. That is why I plan to be part of a University as a professor as well as to keep researching in different aspects of the process of education. I am so thankful to be here and I believe that the Universe brought me to Szeged because the city and the University are the experience that I need in my life now.

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